Choudhary, Saba and Berhe, Mikal and Haberstroh, Karen M. and Webster, Thomas J. (2006) Increased endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cell adhesion on nanostructured titanium and CoCrMo. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF NANOMEDICINE, 1 (1). pp. 41-49.
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In the body, vascular cells continuously interact with tissues that possess nanostructured surface features due to the presence of proteins (such as collagen and elastin) embedded in the vascular wall. Despite this fact, vascular stents intended to restore blood flow do not have nanoscale surface features but rather are smooth at the nanoscale. As the first step towards creating the next generation of vascular stent materials, the objective of this in vitro study was to investigate vascular cell (specifically, endothelial, and vascular smooth muscle cell) adhesion on nanostructured compared with conventional commercially pure (cp) Ti and CoCrMo. Nanostructured cp Ti and CoCrMo compacts were created by separately utilizing either constituent cp Ti or CoCrMo nanoparticles as opposed to conventional micronsized particles. Results of this study showed for the first time increased endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cell adhesion on nanostructured compared with conventional cp Ti and CoCrMo after 4 hours' adhesion. Moreover, compared with their respective conventional counterparts, the ratio of endothelial to vascular smooth muscle cells increased on nanostructured cp Ti and CoCrMo. In addition, endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells had a better spread morphology on the nanostructured metals compared with conventional metals. Overall, vascular cell adhesion was better on CoCrMo than on cp Ti. Results of surface characterization studies demonstrated similar chemistry but significantly greater root-mean-square (rms) surface roughness as measured by atomic force microscopy (AFM) for nanostructured compared with respective conventional metals. For these reasons, results from the present in vitro study provided evidence that vascular stents composed of nanometer compared with micron-sized metal particles (specifically, either cp Ti or CoCrMo) may invoke cellular responses promising for improved vascular stent applications.
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||nanotechnology; metals; Ti; CoCrMo; vascular stents; endothelial cells; vascular smooth muscle cells|
|Subjects:||Biomedical Science > Nanoscale biological processes|
Biomedical Science > Nanobiotechnology
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Biomedical Science > Nanomedicine
|Deposited By:||Anuj Seth|
|Deposited On:||18 Dec 2008 13:52|
|Last Modified:||19 Jan 2009 15:06|
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