Nano Archive

Tuning of catalytic CO oxidation by changing composition of Rh-Pt bimetallic nanoparticles

Park, Jeong Young and Zhang, Yawen and Grass, Michael and Zhang, Tianfu and Somorjai, Gabor A. (2008) Tuning of catalytic CO oxidation by changing composition of Rh-Pt bimetallic nanoparticles. NANO LETTERS, 8 (2). pp. 673-677.

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Recent breakthroughs in synthesis in nanoscience have achieved control of size and composition of nanoparticles that are relevant for catalyst design. Here, we show that the catalytic activity of CO oxidation by Rh/Pt bimetallic nanoparticles can be changed by varying the composition at a constant size (9 +/- 1 nm). Two-dimensional Rh/Pt bimetallic nanoparticle arrays were formed on a silicon surface via the Langmuir-Blodgett technique. Composition analysis with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy agrees with the reaction stoichiometry of Rh/(Pt + Rh). CO oxidation rates that exhibit a 20-fold increase from pure Pt to pure Rh show a nonlinear increase with surface composition of the bimetallic nanoparticles that is consistent with the surface segregation of Pt. The results demonstrate the possibility of controlling catalytic activity in metal nanoparticle-oxide systems via tuning the composition of nanoparticles with potential applications for nanoscale design of industrial catalysts.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:2318
Deposited By:Anuj Seth
Deposited On:18 Dec 2008 14:30
Last Modified:20 Jan 2009 10:41

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