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Optical properties of ZnO/ZnS and ZnO/ZnTe heterostructures for photovoltaic applications

Schrier, Joshua and Demchenko, Denis O. and Wang, Lin-Wang (2007) Optical properties of ZnO/ZnS and ZnO/ZnTe heterostructures for photovoltaic applications. NANO LETTERS, 7 (8). pp. 2377-2382. ISSN 1530-6984

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Although ZnO and ZnS are abundant, stable, and environmentally benign, their band gap energies (3.44, 3.72 eV, respectively) are too large for optimal photovoltaic efficiency. By using band-corrected pseudopotential density functional theory calculations, we study how the band gap, optical absorption, and carrier localization can be controlled by forming quantum-well-like and nanowire-based heterostructures of ZnO/ZnS and ZnO/ZnTe. In the case of ZnO/ZnS core/shell nanowires, which can be synthesized using existing methods, we obtain a band gap of 2.07 eV, which corresponds to a Shockley-Quiesser efficiency limit of 23%. On the basis of these nanowire results, we propose that ZnO/ZnS core/shell nanowires can be used as photovoltaic devices with organic polymer semiconductors as p-channel contacts.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Technology > Nanotechnology and energy applications
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:2171
Deposited By:M T V
Deposited On:02 Jan 2009 10:56
Last Modified:02 Jan 2009 10:56

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