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Preparation of Fullerene (C-60) Based SiO2 Sonogel Hybrid Composites: UV Laser Induced Photo-Polymerization, Morphological, and Optical Properties

Saavedra, Morales and Omar , G. and Rosalba, Castañeda, and Guadalupe, Bañuelos, J. and Ma. del Pilar, Carreón-Castro, (2008) Preparation of Fullerene (C-60) Based SiO2 Sonogel Hybrid Composites: UV Laser Induced Photo-Polymerization, Morphological, and Optical Properties. JOURNAL OF NANOSCIENCE AND NANOTECHNOLOGY, 8 (7). pp. 3582-3594.

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Abstract

Fullerene (C-60) spheres were successfully embedded by diffusion into a catalyst-free SiO2 sonogel network. By this method, homogeneous and stable solid state hybrid samples suitable for optical characterization were produced. Due to the high porosity exhibited by the sonogel matrix on the nanometric length-scale, the preparation of several C-60 doped composites with variable dopant concentrations was achieved. The obtained bulk hybrids were irradiated with a pulsed Kr-F laser system in order to induce photo-polymerization of the implanted C-60 guest molecules at optimal experimental conditions established according to the pulsed laser photoacoustic technique (LPAT). The adequate purity level displayed by the sonogel route allowed us to perform optimal optical characterizations of these composites (reference hybrids and photo-polymerized samples) in order to evaluate their photo-physical properties for potential photonic applications. In this work the sonolysis process used to prepare amorphous catalyst-free SiO2:C-60 sonogel hybrids and their linear and nonlinear optical (NLO) properties are extensively discussed. UV-VIS absorption-, Photo Luminescent (PL)-, and Raman-spectroscopies in conjunction with nonlinear optical limiting (OL) measurements, gave experimental evidence of the inclusion of C-60 molecules within the sonogel environment, the laser induced photo-polymerization process and the induced changes of the optical and NLO-properties. Results are discussed in combination with atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies in order to explore the surface morphology of these samples.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Fullerene; Sol-Gel; Sonogel; Hybrid Materials; Photoacoustics; Nonlinear Optics; Optical Limiting; Photo-Polymerization
Subjects:Physical Science > Nano objects
Physical Science > Photonics
ID Code:1900
Deposited By:Farnush Anwar
Deposited On:23 Dec 2008 11:22
Last Modified:23 Dec 2008 11:22

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