Nano Archive

Light-emitting nanocasts formed from bio-templates: FESEM and cathodoluminescent imaging studies of butterfly scale replicas

Silver, J and Withnall, R and Ireland, T. G. and Fern, G. R. and Zhang, S (2008) Light-emitting nanocasts formed from bio-templates: FESEM and cathodoluminescent imaging studies of butterfly scale replicas. NANOTECHNOLOGY, 19 (9).

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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0957-4484/19/9/0953...

Abstract

Nanocasts comprising of red-light-emitting cubic Y2O3: Eu phosphors were made from butterfly wing scale bio-templates. We report herein the first cathodoluminescent images made from such nanocasts and show that valuable insights into the nature of the internal structure of the casts can be gained by the use of this technique. The casts faithfully reproduced the fine sub-micrometre size detail of the scales, as was made evident by both FESEM and cathodoluminescent images that were collected from the same sample areas using a hyphenated FESEM-CL instrument. There was excellent agreement between the FESEM and cathodoluminescent images, the image quality of the latter indicating that the Eu3+ activator ions were evenly dispersed in the Y2O3: Eu phosphor on a sub-micrometre scale. The casts were made by infilling the natural moulds with a Y2O3: Eu precursor solution that was subsequently dried and fired to convert it into the phosphor material. This method provides a simple, low cost route for fabricating nanostructures having feature dimensions as small as 20 nm in size, and it has the potential to be applied to other metal oxide systems for producing nano-and micro-components for electronic, magnetic or photonic integrated systems.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Engineering > Nanotechnology applications in ICT
ID Code:1490
Deposited By:Farnush Anwar
Deposited On:11 Dec 2008 20:23
Last Modified:31 Mar 2009 18:00

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