Carreras, Josep and Bonafos, C and Montserrat, J and Dominguez, C and Arbiol, J and Garrido, B (2008) Auger quenching-based modulation of electroluminescence from ion-implanted silicon nanocrystals. NANOTECHNOLOGY, 19 (20). ISSN 10.1088/0957-4484/19/20/205201
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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0957-4484/19/20/205...
We describe high-speed control of light from silicon nanocrystals under electrical excitation. The nanocrystals are fabricated by the ion implantation of Si+ in the 15 nm thick gate oxide of a field effect transistor at 6.5 keV. A characteristic read-peaked electroluminescence is obtained either by DC or AC gate excitation. However, AC gate excitation is found to have a frequency response that is limited by the radiative lifetimes of silicon nanocrystals, which makes impossible the direct modulation of light beyond 100 kb s(-1) rates. As a solution, we demonstrate that combined DC gate excitation along with an AC channel hot electron injection of electrons into the nanocrystals may be used to obtain a 100% deep modulation at rates of 200 Mb s(-1) and low modulating voltages. This approach may find applications in biological sensing integrated into CMOS, single-photon emitters or direct encoding of information into light from Si-nc doped with erbium systems, which exhibit net optical gain. In this respect, the main advantage compared to conventional electro-optical modulators based on plasma dispersion effects is the low power consumption (104 times smaller) and thus the inherent large scale of integration. A detailed electrical characterization is also given. An Si/SiO2 barrier change from Phi(b) = 3.2 to 4.2 eV is found while the injection mechanism is changed from Fowler-Nordheim to channel hot electron, which is a clear signature of nanocrystal charging and subsequent electroluminescence quenching.
|Subjects:||Physical Science > Nanoelectronics|
Engineering > Nanotechnology applications in ICT
|Deposited By:||Farnush Anwar|
|Deposited On:||15 Dec 2008 11:47|
|Last Modified:||12 Feb 2009 12:59|
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