Nano Archive

A composite of polyelectrolyte-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotubes and in situ polymerized polyaniline for the detection of low concentration triethylamine vapor

Li, Yang and Wang, Huicai and Cao, Xiehong and Yuan, Minyong and Yang, Mujie (2008) A composite of polyelectrolyte-grafted multi-walled carbon nanotubes and in situ polymerized polyaniline for the detection of low concentration triethylamine vapor. NANOTECHNOLOGY, 19 (1).

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Official URL: http://www.iop.org/EJ/abstract/0957-4484/19/1/0155...

Abstract

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) grafted with sodium polystyrenesulfonate (NaPSS) were deposited on an interdigitated gold electrode decorated with a layer of positively charged poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) by a self-assembly method. Then polyaniline (PANI) was in situ polymerized on the surface of the MWNTs to prepare a composite. The structure and morphology of the composite were investigated by Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. The electrical responses of the composite to triethylamine vapor of low concentrations were measured at room temperature. It was found that the composite exhibited a linear response to the vapor in the range of 0.5-8 ppm with the highest sensitivity of similar to 80%, which is much higher than that of MWNTs and PANI separately, and an obvious synergetic effect was observed. In addition, the detection limit was as low as the ppb level, and reversible and relatively fast responses (t(90%) similar to 200 s and similar to 10 min for sensing and recovery, respectively) were observed. The sensing characteristics are highly related to the gas responses of PANI, and a sensing mechanism considering the interaction of MWNTs and PANI was proposed.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Functional and hybrid materials
Material Science > Nanofabrication processes and tools
Physical Science > Nanoelectronics
Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:1296
Deposited By:Anuj Seth
Deposited On:15 Dec 2008 12:37
Last Modified:20 Jan 2009 09:50

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