Nano Archive

A unified description of current-voltage characteristics in organic and hybrid photovoltaics under low light intensity

Marsh, R. A. and McNeill, C. R. and Abrusci, Agnese and Campbell, A. R. and Friend, Richard H. (2008) A unified description of current-voltage characteristics in organic and hybrid photovoltaics under low light intensity. NANO LETTERS, 8 (5). pp. 1393-1398.

Full text is not hosted in this archive but may be available via the Official URL, or by requesting a copy from the corresponding author.

Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/nl080200p

Abstract

We develop a simple model that can explain the current-voltage (J-V) curves of excitonic photovoltaic solar cells, spanning polymer: polymer, polymer:fullerene, and polymer: nanocrystal devices. We show that by subtracting out the dark current, we can explain apparent intensity-dependent characteristics and thus identify geminate recombination as the dominant loss mechanism and establish its electric field dependence. We present an analytic fit to the J-V curves of all measured devices based on a single fitted parameter, the electric field required to split 50% of geminate charge pairs, which we term the critical field. Devices of different material combinations and morphologies can all be described by this method and yield critical fields varying between >1 x 10(8) V/m for blends of poly(9,9'-dioctylfluorene-co-bis-N,N'-(4-butylphenyl)-bis-N,N'-phenyl-1, 4-phenylenediamine) (PFB) and poly(9,9'-dioctylfluorene-co-benzothiadiazole) (F8BT) and 8 x 10(5) V/m for slow-grown blends of poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). A comparison with material properties reveals that the primary route to improved photovoltaic materials is enhanced charge delocalization.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Technology > Nanotechnology and energy applications
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:1265
Deposited By:Anuj Seth
Deposited On:15 Dec 2008 14:56
Last Modified:02 Mar 2009 10:53

Repository Staff Only: item control page