Spesia, M. B. and Milanesio, M. E. and Durantini, E. N. (2008) Synthesis, properties and photodynamic inactivation of Escherichia coli by novel cationic fullerene C60 derivatives. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 43 (4). pp. 853-861.
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A novel N,N-dimethyl-2-(4′-N,N,N-trimethylaminophenyl)fulleropyrrolidinium iodide (DTC602+) has been synthesized by 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition using 4-(N,N-dimethylamino) benzaldehyde, N-methylglycine and fullerene C60. This approach produced an N-methyl-2-(4′-N,N-dimethylaminophenyl)fulleropyrrolidine with 38% yield. Exhaustive methylation of this fullerene derivative with methyl iodide yielded 95% of dicationic DTC602+. The spectroscopic and photodynamic properties of the DTC602+ were compared with a non-charged N-methyl-2-(4′-acetamidophenyl)fulleropyrrolidine (MAC60) and a monocationic N,N-dimethyl-2-(4′-acetamidophenyl)fulleropyrrolidinium iodide (DAC60+). The dicationic DTC602+ is essentially aggregated in solution of different solvents and it is partially dissolved as monomer in benzene/benzyl-n-hexadecyldimethyl ammonium chloride (BHDC) 0.1 M/water (W0 = 10) reverse micelles. The singlet molecular oxygen, O2 (1Δg), production was evaluated using 1,3-diphenylisobenzofuran. The photodynamic effect was strongly dependent on the medium, diminishes when the sensitizer is aggregated and increases in an appropriately surrounded microenvironment. The photodynamic inactivation produced by these fullerene derivatives was investigated in vitro on a typical Gram-negative bacterium, Escherichia coli. Photosensitized inactivation of E. coli cellular suspensions by DTC602+ exhibits a 3.5 log decrease of cell survival (99.97% of cellular inactivation), when the cultures are treated with 1 μM of sensitizer and irradiated for 30 min. This photosensitized inactivation remains high even after one washing step. Also, the photodynamic activity was confirmed by growth delay of E. coli cultures. The growth was arrested when E. coli was exposed to 2 μM of cationic fullerene and irradiated, whereas a negligible effect was found for the non-charged MAC60. These studies indicate that dicationic DTC602+ is an interesting agent with potential applications in photodynamic inactivation of bacteria.
|Additional Information:||Article Outline 1. Introduction 2. Materials and methods 2.1. General 2.1.1. Sensitizers 184.108.40.206. N,N-Dimethyl-2-(4′-N,N,N-trimethylaminophenyl)fulleropyrrolidinium iodide (DTC602+) 220.127.116.11. N,N-Dimethyl-2-(4′-acetamidophenyl)fulleropyrrolidinium iodide (DAC60+) 2.2. Spectroscopic studies 2.3. Steady-state photolysis 2.4. Bacterial strain and preparation of cultures 2.5. Photosensitized inactivation of bacteria cells 2.6. Growth delay of E. coli cultures 3. Results and discussion 3.1. Synthesis of fullerene derivatives 3.2. Spectroscopic studies 3.3. Photodynamic activity 3.4. Studies in vitro on E. coli cells 4. Conclusions Acknowledgements References|
|Subjects:||Biomedical Science > Nanotechnology for human health|
|Deposited By:||Lesley Tobin|
|Deposited On:||06 Jan 2009 17:05|
|Last Modified:||19 Feb 2009 18:10|
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