Nano Archive

Emerging inorganic nanomaterials for pancreatic cancer diagnosis and treatment

Yang , Feng and Jin, Chen and Subedi, Sabin and Lee, Chong Lek (2012) Emerging inorganic nanomaterials for pancreatic cancer diagnosis and treatment. sciencedirect, 38 (6). pp. 566-579. ISSN 0305-7372

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Pancreatic cancer is a devastating disease with incidence increasing at an alarming rate and survival not improved substantially during the past three decades. Although enormous efforts have been made in early detection and comprehensive treatment for this disease, little or no survival improvement was obtained, which necessitates the development of novel strategies. Emerging inorganic nanomaterials, such as carbon nanotubes, quantum dots, mesoporous silica/gold/supermagnetic nanoparticles, have been widely used in biomedical research with great optimism for cancer diagnosis and therapy. Such nanoparticles possess unique optical, electrical, magnetic and/or electrochemical properties. With such properties along with their impressive nano-size, these particles can be targeted to cancer cells, tissues, and ligands efficiently and monitored with extreme precision in real-time. In additional to liposome, dendrimer, and polymeric nanoparticles, they are considered the most promising nanomaterials with the capability of both cancer detection and multimodality treatment. Emerging approaches to harness nanotechnology to optimize the existing diagnostic and therapeutic tools for pancreatic cancer have been extensively explored during the recent years. Future options for early detection, individual therapy and monitoring responses of pancreatic cancer are focused on multifunctional nanomedicine. In this review, we present the recent development of clinically applicable inorganic nanoparticles, with focus on the diagnosis and treatment of pancreatic cancer. Furthermore, their advantages in theranostic nanomedicine, and challenges of translation to clinical practice, are discussed. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanotechnology for human health
ID Code:11917
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:11 Sep 2012 16:56
Last Modified:11 Sep 2012 16:56

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