Nano Archive

Self-Assembled Mesoporous Hierarchical-like In2S3 Hollow Microspheres Composed of Nanofibers and Nanosheets and Their Photocatalytic Activity

Rengaraj, Selvaraj and Venkataraj, S. and Tai, Cheuk-wai and Kim, Younghun and Repo, Eveliina and Sillanpää, Mika (2011) Self-Assembled Mesoporous Hierarchical-like In2S3 Hollow Microspheres Composed of Nanofibers and Nanosheets and Their Photocatalytic Activity. Langmuir,, 27 . pp. 5534-5541.

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Official URL: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/la104780d

Abstract

Novel template-free hierarchical-like In2S3 hollow microspheres were synthesized using thiosemicarbazide (NH2NHCSNH2) as both a sulfur source and a capping ligand in a ethanol/water system. In this study, we demonstrate that several process parameters, such as the reaction time and precursor ratio, strongly influence the morphology of the final product. The In(NO3)3/thiosemicarbazide ratios were found to effectively play crucial roles in the morphologies of the hierarchical- like In2S3 hollow microsphere nanostructure. With the ratios increasing from two to four, the In2S3 crystals exhibited almost spherical morphologies. The synthesized products have been characterized by a variety of methods, including X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and ultravioletvisible diffused reflectance spectroscopy (UVvis DRS). XRD analysis confirmed the tetragonal structure of the In2S3 hollow microspheres. The products show complex hierarchical structures assembled from nanoscale building blocks. The morphology evolution can be realized on both outside (surface) and inside (hollow cavity) the microsphere. The surface area analysis showed that the porous In2S3 possesses a specific surface area of 108 m2/g and uniform distribution of pore sizes corresponding to the size of pores resulting from the self-assembled structures with flakes. The optical properties of In2S3 were also investigated by UVvis DRS, which indicated that our In2S3 microsphere samples possess a band gap of ∼1.96 eV. Furthermore, the photocatalytic activity studies revealed that the synthesized In2S3 hollow microspheres exhibit an excellent photocatalytic performance in rapidly degrading aqueous methylene blue dye solution under visible light irradiation. These results suggest that In2S3 hollow microspheres will be an interesting candidate for photocatalytic detoxification studies under visible light radiation.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
ID Code:11730
Deposited By:Prof. Mika Sillanpää
Deposited On:18 Jan 2012 08:11
Last Modified:18 Jan 2012 08:11

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