Taktak, Sonia and Sosnovik, David and Cima, Michael J. and Weissfeder, Ralph and Josephson, Lee (2007) Multiparameter magnetic relaxation switch assays. ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY, 79 (23). pp. 8863-8869.
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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/ac701976p
Magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) can serve as magnetic relaxation switches (MRSVs), switching from a dispersed to a clustered state, or the reverse, due to the presence of molecular targets, with changes in the spin-spin relaxation time of water (T-2). Biotinylated NP probes reacted with an avidin molecular target to form stable NP clusters, which permitted several NMR parameters to be measured as a function of cluster size. Associated with avidin-induced NP cluster formation was an increase in the spin-spin relation rate (1/T-2), while the spin-lattice relaxation rate (1/T-1)was unaffected. On the basis of the selective effects of NP cluster formation on T-2, we developed a T-1/T-2 interrogation method where NP probe concentration and avidin analyte were unknown and both were determined. A third NMR parameter examined was the replication of T-2 measurements, which were used to rapidly determine whether the ratio of avidin to biotinylated NP was optimal or whether additional biotinylated NP was needed. The T-1/T-2 and T-2 replication interrogation methods illustrate how MRSw assays can employ multiple parameters, instead of relying only on T-2, to obtain information about the reaction of NPs with molecular targets.
|Subjects:||Physical Science > Nanomagnetics|
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Material Science > Nanochemistry
|Deposited By:||Anuj Seth|
|Deposited On:||17 Dec 2008 10:17|
|Last Modified:||17 Dec 2008 10:17|
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