Nano Archive

A one-dimensional extremely covalent material: monatomic carbon linear chain

Zhang, Yaozhong and Su, Yanjie and Wang, Liang and Kong, Eric Siu-Wai and Chen, XiaoShuang and Zhang, Yafei (2011) A one-dimensional extremely covalent material: monatomic carbon linear chain. NANOSCALE RESEARCH LETTERS, 6 (1). pp. 1-4. ISSN 1931-7573 (Print) 1556-276X (Online)

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Polyyne and cumulene of infinite length as the typical covalent one-dimensional (1D) monatomic linear chains of carbon have been demonstrated to be metallic and semiconductor (Eg = 1.859 eV), respectively, by first-principles calculations. Comparing with single-walled carbon nanotubes, the densities are evidently low and the thermodynamic properties are similar below room temperature but much different at the high temperature range. Polyyne possesses a Young's modulus as high as 1.304 TPa, which means it is even much stiffer than carbon nanotubes and to be the superlative strong 1D material along the axial direction. The Young's modulus of cumulene is estimated to be 760.78 GPa. In addition, polyyne is predicted to be as a one-dimensional electronic material with very high mobility.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Material Science > Nanochemistry
ID Code:11599
Deposited By:M T V
Deposited On:05 Jan 2012 09:58
Last Modified:05 Jan 2012 09:58

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