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Structural and optical properties of novel surfactant-coated Yb@TiO2 nanoparticles

Calandra, P. and Lombardo, D. and Pistone, A. and Turco Liveri, V. and Trusso, S. (2011) Structural and optical properties of novel surfactant-coated Yb@TiO2 nanoparticles. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (11). pp. 5833-5839.

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Stable dispersions of surfactant-coated TiO(2)-Ag based nanoparticles in apolar medium have been prepared by performing sequentially the hydrolysis of titanium(IV) isopropoxide and the reduction of Ag(+) in the confined space of sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl)sulfosuccinate (NaAOT) reverse micelles. Depending on the sequence length, this novel procedure allowed the synthesis of semiconductor-metal nanoparticles, nominally indicated as TiO(2)/Ag, TiO(2)/Ag/TiO(2), and TiO(2)/Ag/TiO(2)/Ag, stabilized by a monolayer of oriented surfactant molecules. The structural characterization of these nanoparticles has been performed by High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HR-TEM), while optical properties were investigated by UV-Vis absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies. TEM investigation showed the presence of globular nanoparticles with an average diameter of about 10 nm composed by distinct amorphous TiO(2) and crystalline Ag glued domains whose structure depends on the sequence length. UV-Vis absorption measurements highlighted the mutual metal-semiconductor influence on the TiO(2) energy band gap and on the Ag plasmon resonance. Steady-state fluorescence spectra analysis allowed to reveal the strong inhibition of the electron-hole radiative recombination in the TiO(2) domains due to the Ag and the appearance of a new emission band centred in the 484-545 nm range. Possible attributions of the involved electronic transition of this last emission are discussed.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:11564
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:05 Jan 2012 09:30
Last Modified:05 Jan 2012 09:42

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