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Aqueous phase-synthesized small CdSe quantum dots: adsorption layer structure and strong band-edge and surface trap emission

Park, Yeon-Su and Okamoto, Yukihiro and Kaji, Noritada and Tokeshi, Manabu and Baba, Yoshinobu (2011) Aqueous phase-synthesized small CdSe quantum dots: adsorption layer structure and strong band-edge and surface trap emission. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (11). pp. 5781-5798.

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Abstract

We synthesized, in aqueous solution at room temperature, small water-soluble CdSe quantum dots (QDs) with strong photoluminescence (PL) and then correlated the PL with their adsorption layer structure. For synthesizing the QDs, their initial synthesis condition was controlled to form small Cd-containing species capable of passivating dangling bonds on the CdSe core surface. Each CdSe QD (d ~ 2.5 nm) consisted of a CdSe core (d ~ 2.1 nm), a cysteine (cys)-ligand shell, and an adsorption layer composed of Cd–cys complexes (mainly CdL(-H)−, cys ≡ H2L), cys (as L2−), Cd(OH)2, and CdO x (x ≥ 1). Our CdSe QDs showed strong blue band-edge PL as well as strong green surface trap PL. Their PL quantum yield (QY) of ~18% was unexpectedly high, considering their extremely small core size and their absence of any wide-bandgap inorganic shell. We attributed the QY to their adsorption layer species. The small weakly charged Cd–cys complex and the small neutral cadmium oxides in the adsorption layer could relatively readily diffuse into the unprotected surface sites on the core. These wide-bandgap species coalesced selectively on the unprotected surface sites with minimal spatial disturbance to the preexisting surface Cd-ligand coordination, and passivated them effectively. These decreased nonradiative recombination of the excitons significantly and thus led to the unexpectedly high QYs.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:11548
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:05 Jan 2012 09:30
Last Modified:05 Jan 2012 09:42

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