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The effect of oxidation on the surface-near lattice relaxation in FeNi nanoparticles

Bieniek, Björn and Pohl, Darius and Schultz, Ludwig and Rellinghaus, Bernd (2011) The effect of oxidation on the surface-near lattice relaxation in FeNi nanoparticles. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (11). pp. 5935-5946.

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The near-surface oxidation-induced lattice relaxation and compositional changes of FeNi alloy nano-particles are investigated. Using a newly developed transfer system, the particle structure was characterised by means of aberration-corrected HR-TEM prior to exposing the particles to ambient air. This allows for a comparison of oxidised and un-oxidised particles, respectively. Independent of the oxidation, the surface-near and/or interface-near metal lattice was found to be expanded by up to 3%. EELS profiles clearly reveal an enrichment of Fe at the particle surfaces. MD simulations in combination with HR-TEM contrast simulations were conducted to investigate the effect of the Fe enrichment on the structural relaxation. The results show that a surface-near over-stoichiometric enrichment of Fe indeed causes a dilation that counteracts a compression of the lattice at the particle surface as obtained for homogeneously alloyed particles. Besides, the large lattice mismatch between the metallic cores and the NiFe2O4 shells causes the formation of step dislocations in the close vicinities of the interface. In essence, the surface-near lattice relaxation in oxide free particles is found to be due to a segregation of Fe to the surface, whereas in the case of shell–core particles, no systematic influence of the oxide on the lattice relaxation was found.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:11519
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:05 Jan 2012 09:30
Last Modified:05 Jan 2012 09:42

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