Řezanka, Pavel and Navrátilová, Klára and Žvátora, Pavel and Sýkora, David and Matějka, Pavel and Mikšík, Ivan and Václav, Kašička and Krá, Vladimír (2011) Cyclodextrin modified gold nanoparticles-based open-tubular capillary electrochromatographic separations of polyaromatic hydrocarbons. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (11). pp. 5947-5957.
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In this study, spherical gold nanoparticles (GNPs) of 14.7 nm diameter, prepared by citrate reduction of a gold(III) salt and characterized by UV–Vis absorption spectrometry and transmission electron microscopy, were modified by a covalent attachment of 6I-O-(3-mercaptopropyl)β-cyclodextrin (β-CD-SH) or per-6-deoxy-per-6-mercapto-β-cyclodextrin (β-CD-SH7). Subsequently, via three alternative approaches, β-CD-modified GNPs were immobilized onto the inner wall of the fused-silica (FS) capillaries and applied as special stationary phases for open-tubular capillary electrochromatography (OT-CEC). The first immobilization procedure was based on pre-derivatization of a FS capillary with (3-mercaptopropyl)trimethoxysilane (MPTMS) followed by subsequent reactions with GNPs and β-CD-SH or β-CD-SH7. The other two preparation protocols took advantage of sol–gel approach gaining a significant increase in the interaction surface for solutes. In both instances, the sol–gel created 3D structure was further covalently modified with GNPs. Serving that purpose, either β-CD-SH7 modified GNPs were used for the immobilization into the sol–gel matrix ( one-step sol–gel technique ) or native GNPs were immobilized first into the sol–gel matrix and subsequently modified with β-CD-SH7 ( two-step sol–gel technique ). The separation performance of CD-GNPs modified FS capillaries was tested by OT-CEC in reversed-phase mode applied to separation of a model mixture of five polyaromatic hydrocarbons. The highest separation efficiencies were obtained with the capillaries prepared by two-step sol–gel technique. However, with respect to the relatively low reproducibility of this method, the first of the above preparation procedures, i.e., a simple pre-derivatization of the FS capillary with MPTMS ensued with β-CD-SH7-GNPs immobilization seems to be more feasible approach providing decent separation efficiency.
|Deposited By:||Prof. Alexey Ivanov|
|Deposited On:||05 Jan 2012 09:30|
|Last Modified:||05 Jan 2012 09:42|
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