Luangpipat, Tiyaporn and Beattie, Isabel R. and Chisti, Yusuf and Haverkamp, Richard G. (2011) Gold nanoparticles produced in a microalga. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (12). pp. 6439-6445.
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An efficient biological route to production of gold nanoparticles which allows the nanoparticles to be easily recovered remains elusive. Live cells of the green microalga Chlorella vulgaris were incubated with a solution of gold chloride and harvested by centrifugation. Nanoparticles inside intact cells were identified by transmission electron microscopy and confirmed to be metallic gold by synchrotron based X-ray powder diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy. These intracellular gold nanoparticles were 40â60Â nm in diameter. At a concentration of 1.4% Au in the alga, a better than 97% recovery of the gold from solution was achieved. A maximum of 4.2% Au in the alga was obtained. Exposure of C. vulgaris to solutions containing dissolved salts of palladium, ruthenium, and rhodium also resulted in the production of the corresponding nanoparticles within the cells. These were surmised to be also metallic, but were produced at a much lower intracellular concentration than achieved with gold. Iridium was apparently toxic to the alga. No nanoparticles were observed using platinum solutions. C. vulgaris provides a possible route to large scale production of gold nanoparticles.
|Deposited By:||Prof. Alexey Ivanov|
|Deposited On:||05 Jan 2012 09:30|
|Last Modified:||05 Jan 2012 09:42|
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