Nano Archive

Harvesting silica nanoparticles from rice husks

Wang, Weixing and Martin, Jarett C. and Zhang, Ning and Ma, Chao and Han, Aijie and Sun, Luyi (2011) Harvesting silica nanoparticles from rice husks. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (12). pp. 6981-6990.

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Abstract

Biogenic silica nanoparticles were synthesized using rice husks (RHs) as the raw material via controlled pyrolysis. The characterization results showed that the morphology of the synthesized silica was highly related to the pretreatment of RHs and the pyrolysis conditions. Particularly, potassium cations in RHs were found to catalyze the melting of silica, during which the amorphous silica were converted to crystalline phase. Two hours of pyrolysis at 700 °C appeared to be ideal to synthesize silica nanoparticles with a diameter of ca. 20–30 nm. Higher temperature and longer duration of pyrolysis led to undesired melting of silica nanoparticles, while too low a temperature cannot effectively remove carbonous residues. Such amorphous silica nanoparticles with narrow size distribution and high purity are expected to replace silica gel and fumed silica for various applications.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:11427
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:05 Jan 2012 09:29
Last Modified:05 Jan 2012 09:42

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