Yamamoto, Yuki and Miyachi, Mariko and Yamanoi, Yoshinori and Minoda, Ai and Maekawa, Shunsuke and Oshima, Shinji and Kobori, Yoshihiro and Nishihara, Hiroshi (2011) Synthesis of vanadium-doped palladium nanoparticles for hydrogen storage materials. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (12). pp. 6333-6338.
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Palladium–vanadium (Pd/V) alloy nanoparticles stabilized with n-pentyl isocyanide were prepared as new hydrogen storage materials by a facile polyol-based synthetic route with tetraethylene glycol and NaOH at 250 °C. The size distribution of the nanoparticles thus obtained featured two peaks at 4.0 ± 1.1 and 1.4 ± 0.3 nm in diameter, which were the mixture of Pd/V alloy and Pd nanoparticles. The ratio between the number of Pd/V and that of Pd nanoparticles was 51:49, and the Pd:V ratio of the overall product was 9:1 in wt%, indicating that the 4.0 nm Pd/V nanoparticles were composed of 81% Pd and 19% V. The inclusion of vanadium caused the increase in the d-spacing and thus expansion of lattice constant. A rapid increase in hydrogen content at low H 2 pressures was observed for the Pd/V nanoparticles, and a 0.47 wt% H2 adsorption capacity was achieved under a H2 pressure of 10 MPa at 303 K. Hydrogen storage performances of Pd/V alloy nanoparticles was superior compared with Pd nanoparticles.
|Deposited By:||Prof. Alexey Ivanov|
|Deposited On:||05 Jan 2012 09:29|
|Last Modified:||05 Jan 2012 09:42|
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