Nano Archive

Acute toxicity of virgin and used engine oil enriched with copper nano particles in the earthworm

Khodabandeh, M and Koohi, M K and Roshani, A and Shahroziyan, E and Badri, B and Pourfallah, A and Shams, Gh and Hobbenaghi, R and GSadeghi-Hashjin, (2011) Acute toxicity of virgin and used engine oil enriched with copper nano particles in the earthworm. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 304 (1). 012056.

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Official URL: http://stacks.iop.org/1742-6596/304/i=1/a=012056

Abstract

In spite of development of nanotechnology and creation of new opportunities for industry, new applications and products initiated by this technology may cause harmful effects on human health and environment. Unfortunately, there is no sufficient information on the harmful effects caused by application of some nano materials; the current knowledge in this field is limited solely to the nano particles but not the final products. Nano cupper particles, as one of the common materials produced in industrial scale is widely used as additives into engine oil to reduce friction and improve lubrication. However, the difference between the effects of virgin and used conventional engine oil (CEO) and the engine oil containing cupper nano particles (NEO) on the environment is not known. Earthworm, as a one of the species which could live and survive in different sorts of earth and has a certain role in protecting the soil structure and fertility, was used in this experiment. In accordance with the recommended method of OECD.1984, Filter Paper test in 24 and 48 h based on 8 concentrations in the range of 3×10 −3 − 24×10 −3 ml/cm 2 and Artificial Soil test in 7 and 14 days based on 7 concentrations in the range of 0.1 mg/kg – 100 g/kg were carried out to study earthworms in terms of lifetime (LC50), morphology and pathology. It was shown that the 48 h LC50 for virgin CEO, virgin NEO, used CEO(8000 km) and used NEO (8000 km) were 6×10 −3 , 23×10 −3 , 24×10 −3 and 16×10 −3 ml/cm 2 respectively. Furthermore, 14-day LC50 in artificial soil for all cases were above 100 g/kg. It is concluded that virgin CEO is more toxic than virgin NEO. Meanwhile, the CEO shows significant reduction in toxicity after consumption and the used NEO shows more toxicity in comparison to virgin product. It seems that more investigations on the effects of final products specifically after consumption is necessary because the products after consumption have the most contact with environment and subsequently human health.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:11288
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:01 Nov 2011 23:31
Last Modified:02 Nov 2011 00:47

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