Nano Archive

Self-excitation of single nanomechanical pillars

Kim, Hyun S and Qin, Hua and Blick, Robert H (2010) Self-excitation of single nanomechanical pillars. New Journal of Physics, 12 (3). 033008.

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Self-excitation is a mechanism that is ubiquitous for electromechanical power devices such as electrical generators. This is conventionally achieved by making use of the magnetic field component in electrical generators (Nedic and Lipo 2000 IEEE/IAS Conf. Records (Rome, Italy) vol 1 pp 51–6), a good and widely visible example of which is the wind turbine farm (Muljadi et al 2005 J. Sol. Energy Eng. 127 581–7). In other words, a static force, such as the wind acting on rotor blades, can generate a resonant excitation at a certain mechanical frequency. For nanomechanical systems (Craighead 2000 Science 290 1532–5; Roukes 2001 Phys. World 14 25–31; Cleland 2003 Foundations of Nanomechanics (Berlin: Springer); Ayari et al 2007 Nano Lett. 7 2252–7; Koenig et al 2008 Nat. Nanotechnol. 3 482–4) such a self-excitation (SE) mechanism is also highly desirable, because it can generate mechanical oscillations at radio frequencies by simply applying a dc bias voltage. This is of great importance for low-power signal communication devices and detectors, as well as for mechanical computing elements. For a particular nanomechanical system—the single electron shuttle—this effect was predicted some time ago by Gorelik et al ( Phys. Rev. Lett. 80 4526–9). Here, we use a nanoelectromechanical single electron transistor (NEMSET) to demonstrate self-excitation for both the soft and hard regimes, respectively. The ability to use self-excitation in nanomechanical systems may enable the detection of quantum mechanical backaction effects (Naik et al 2006 Nature 443 193–6) in direct tunneling, macroscopic quantum tunneling (Savelev et al 2006 New J. Phys. 8 105–15) and rectification (Pistolesi and Fazio 2005 Phys. Rev. Lett. 94 036806–4). All these effects have so far been overshadowed by the large driving voltages that had to be applied.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:11251
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:01 Nov 2011 23:29
Last Modified:02 Nov 2011 00:47

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