Nano Archive

From falling to flying: the path to powered flight of a robotic samara nano air vehicle

Ulrich, Evan R and Pines, Darryll J and Humbert, J Sean (2010) From falling to flying: the path to powered flight of a robotic samara nano air vehicle. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics, 5 (4). 045009.

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This paper details the development of a nano-scale (>15 cm) robotic samara, or winged seed. The design of prototypes inspired by naturally occurring geometries is presented along with a detailed experimental process which elucidates similarities between mechanical and robotic samara flight dynamics. The helical trajectories of a samara in flight were observed to differ in-flight path and descent velocity. The body roll and pitch angular rates for the differing trajectories were observed to be coupled to variations in wing pitch, and thus provide a means of control. Inspired by the flight modalities of the bio-inspired samaras, a robotic device has been created that mimics the autorotative capability of the samara, whilst providing the ability to hover, climb and translate. A high-speed camera-based motion capture system is used to observe the flight dynamics of the mechanical and robotic samara. Similarities in the flight dynamics are compared and discussed as it relates to the design of the robotic samara.

Item Type:Article
ID Code:11179
Deposited By:Prof. Alexey Ivanov
Deposited On:01 Nov 2011 23:25
Last Modified:02 Nov 2011 00:47

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