Nano Archive

Effect of surface properties of silica nanoparticles on their cytotoxicity and cellular distribution in murine macrophages

Nabeshi, Hiromi and Yoshikawa, Tomoaki and Arimori, Akihiro and Yoshida, Tokuyuki and Tochigi, Saeko and Hirai, Toshiro and Akase, Takanori and Nagano, Kazuya and Abe, Yasuhiro and Kamada, Haruhiko and Tsunoda, Shin-ichi and Itoh, Norio and Yoshioka, Yasuo and Tsutsumi, Yasuo (2011) Effect of surface properties of silica nanoparticles on their cytotoxicity and cellular distribution in murine macrophages. Nanoscale Research Letters, 6 (1). pp. 1-6.

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Official URL: http://www.nanoscalereslett.com/content/6/1/93

Abstract

Surface properties are often hypothesized to be important factors in the development of safer forms of nanomaterials (NMs). However, the results obtained from studying the cellular responses to NMs are often contradictory. Hence, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the surface properties of silica nanoparticles and their cytotoxicity against a murine macrophage cell line (RAW264.7). The surface of the silica nanoparticles was either unmodified (nSP70) or modified with amine (nSP70-N) or carboxyl groups (nSP70-C). First, the properties of the silica nanoparticles were characterized. RAW264.7 cells were then exposed to nSP70, nSP70-N, or nSP70-C, and any cytotoxic effects were monitored by analyzing DNA synthesis. The results of this study show that nSP70-N and nSP70-C have a smaller effect on DNA synthesis activity by comparison to unmodified nSP70. Analysis of the intracellular localization of the silica nanoparticles revealed that nSP70 had penetrated into the nucleus, whereas nSP70-N and nSP70-C showed no nuclear localization. These results suggest that intracellular localization is a critical factor underlying the cytotoxicity of these silica nanoparticles. Thus, the surface properties of silica nanoparticles play an important role in determining their safety. Our results suggest that optimization of the surface characteristics of silica nanoparticles will contribute to the development of safer forms of NMs.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:10881
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:19 Oct 2011 07:11
Last Modified:19 Oct 2011 07:11

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