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Low temperature synthesis of iron containing carbon nanoparticles in critical carbon dioxide

Hasumura, Takashi and Fukuda, Takahiro and Whitby, Raymond L. D. and Aschenbrenner, Ortrud and Maekawa, Toru (2011) Low temperature synthesis of iron containing carbon nanoparticles in critical carbon dioxide. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13 (1). pp. 53-58.

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Official URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/c745078631m128...

Abstract

We develop a low temperature, organic solvent-free method of producing iron containing carbon (Fe@C) nanoparticles. We show that Fe@C nanoparticles are self-assembled by mixing ferrocene with sub-critical (25.0 °C), near-critical (31.0 °C) and super-critical (41.0 °C) carbon dioxide and irradiating the solutions with UV laser of 266-nm wavelength. The diameter of the iron particles varies from 1 to 100 nm, whereas that of Fe@C particles ranges from 200 nm to 1 μm. Bamboo-shaped structures are also formed by iron particles and carbon layers. There is no appreciable effect of the temperature on the quantity and diameter distributions of the particles produced. The Fe@C nanoparticles show soft ferromagnetic characteristics. Iron particles are crystallised, composed of bcc and fcc lattice structures, and the carbon shells are graphitised after irradiation of electron beams.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Physical Science > Nanophysics
Physical Science > Nano objects
Material Science > Nanochemistry
Material Science > Nanostructured materials
Divisions:Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Physics
Faculty of Engineering, Science and Mathematics > School of Chemistry
ID Code:10572
Deposited By:JNCASR
Deposited On:28 Feb 2011 06:34
Last Modified:28 Feb 2011 06:34

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