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Measurement of contractile forces generated by individual fibroblasts on self-standing fiber scaffolds

Jeon, Hojeong and Kim, Eunpa and Grigoropoulos, Costas P. (2010) Measurement of contractile forces generated by individual fibroblasts on self-standing fiber scaffolds. Biomedical Microdevices, 13 (1). pp. 107-115.

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Contractility of cells in wound site is important to understand pathological wound healing and develop therapeutic strategies. In particular, contractile force generated by cells is a basic element for designing artificial three-dimensional cell culture scaffolds. Direct assessment of deformation of three-dimensional structured materials has been used to calculate contractile forces by averaging total forces with respect to the cell population number. However, macroscopic methods have offered only lower bounds of contractility due to experimental assumptions and the large variance of the spatial and temporal cell response. In the present study, cell contractility was examined microscopically in order to measure contractile forces generated by individual cells on self-standing fiber scaffolds that were fabricated via femtosecond laser-induced two-photon polymerization. Experimental assumptions and calculation errors that arose in previous studies of macroscopic and microscopic contractile force measurements could be reduced by adopting a columnar buckling model on individual, standing fiber scaffolds. Via quantifying eccentric critical loads for the buckling of fibers with various diameters, contractile forces of single cells were calculated in the range between 30–116 nN. In the present study, a force magnitude of approximately 200 nN is suggested as upper bound of the contractile force exerted by single cells. In addition, contractile forces by multiple cells on a single fiber were calculated in the range between 241–709 nN.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanoscale biological processes
ID Code:10494
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:06 Jun 2011 08:26
Last Modified:06 Jun 2011 08:26

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