Nano Archive

Asymmetry of blood flow and cancer cell adhesion in a microchannel with symmetric bifurcation and confluence

Ishikawa, Takuji and Fujiwara, Hiroki and Matsuki, Noriaki and Yoshimoto, Takefumi and Imai, Yohsuke and Ueno, Hironori and Yamaguchi, Takami (2010) Asymmetry of blood flow and cancer cell adhesion in a microchannel with symmetric bifurcation and confluence. Biomedical Microdevices, 13 (1). pp. 159-167.

Full text is not hosted in this archive but may be available via the Official URL, or by requesting a copy from the corresponding author.

Abstract

Bifurcations and confluences are very common geometries in biomedical microdevices. Blood flow at microchannel bifurcations has different characteristics from that at confluences because of the multiphase properties of blood. Using a confocal micro-PIV system, we investigated the behaviour of red blood cells (RBCs) and cancer cells in microchannels with geometrically symmetric bifurcations and confluences. The behaviour of RBCs and cancer cells was strongly asymmetric at bifurcations and confluences whilst the trajectories of tracer particles in pure water were almost symmetric. The cell-free layer disappeared on the inner wall of the bifurcation but increased in size on the inner wall of the confluence. Cancer cells frequently adhered to the inner wall of the bifurcation but rarely to other locations. Because the wall surface coating and the wall shear stress were almost symmetric for the bifurcation and the confluence, the result indicates that not only chemical mediation and wall shear stress but also microscale haemodynamics play important roles in the adhesion of cancer cells to the microchannel walls. These results provide the fundamental basis for a better understanding of blood flow and cell adhesion in biomedical microdevices.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanoscale biological processes
ID Code:10488
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:06 Jun 2011 08:38
Last Modified:06 Jun 2011 08:38

Repository Staff Only: item control page