Nano Archive

Electrochemically switchable platform for the micro-patterning and release of heterotypic cell sheets

Guillaume-Gentil, Orane and Gabi, Michael and Zenobi-Wong, Marcy and Voros, Janos (2010) Electrochemically switchable platform for the micro-patterning and release of heterotypic cell sheets. Biomedical Microdevices, 13 (1). pp. 221-230.

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This article describes a dynamic platform in which the biointerfacial properties of micro-patterned domains can be switched electrochemically through the spatio-temporally controlled dissolution and adsorption of polyelectrolyte coatings. Insulating SU-8 micro-patterns created on a transparent indium tin oxide electrode by photolithography allowed for the local control over the electrochemical dissolution of polyelectrolyte mono- and multilayers, with polyelectrolytes shielded from the electrochemical treatment by the underlying photoresist stencil. The platform allowed for the creation of micro-patterned cell co-cultures through the electrochemical removal of a non-fouling polyelectrolyte coating and the localized adsorption of a cell adhesive one after attachment of the first cell population. In addition, the use of weak adhesive polyelectrolyte coatings on the photoresist domains allowed for the detachment of a contiguous heterotypic cell sheet upon electrochemical trigger. Cells grown on the ITO domains peeled off upon electrochemical dissolution of the sacrificial polyelectrolyte substrate, whereas adjacent cell areas on the insulated weakly adhesive substrate easily detached through the contractile force generated by neighboring cells. This electrochemical strategy for the micro-patterning and detachment of heterotypic cell sheets combines simplicity, precision and versatility, and presents great prospects for the creation of cellular constructs which mimic the cellular complexity of native tissues.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:Biomedical Science > Nanoscale biological processes
ID Code:10482
Deposited By:CSMNT
Deposited On:06 Jun 2011 08:49
Last Modified:06 Jun 2011 08:49

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